Corn is an annual agricultural plant, especially in the unsaturated oil group, that can be grown in very humid climates.
Corn, whose homeland is South America, was brought to Europe by sailors after the discovery of the Americas. From there, it is thought that this plant is called corn in our language, since it was brought to our country from the African continent via Egypt. Turkey’s climate is quite suitable for corn, so it is grown in a wide area.
Corn, which is a widely consumed cereal product in our country, is produced almost everywhere. Corn is known as a hoe plant, and it usually leaves a grass-free and clean field for the plant that comes after it.
Corn grows on sandy and light soils. The height of the corn plant is between 1.5-3 m. For this, it likes deep, filtered, well-ventilated soils. The land to be planted with corn is plowed deeply with a plow in autumn. Depending on the weather and grass conditions in the spring, the soil is either plowed again or the soil is worked superficially with tools such as crowbars and cultivators.
For the sowing process, first of all, a selection should be made in accordance with the purpose and the region. If it will not be used as human food and the land can be irrigated, planting hybrid varieties will yield good yields. One of the most important factors in the selection of varieties is the growing period.